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News Release


Quaker Chemical Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2005 Results

CONSHOHOCKEN, Pa., Feb. 21 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Quaker Chemical Corporation (NYSE: KWR) today announced record quarterly sales of $107.1 million and a net loss of $5.4 million. Net loss for the fourth quarter included a $9.1 million pre-tax charge for restructuring and related activities and a $1.0 million tax charge attributable to the repatriation of accumulated earnings of its foreign subsidiaries. Diluted loss per share for the quarter, inclusive of these charges, was $0.56.

The Company reported record sales for the full year of $424.0 million and net income of $1.7 million. Net income included a $10.3 million pre-tax charge for restructuring and related activities, $4.2 million of pre-tax income from the sale of property by the Company's real estate joint venture, and a $1.0 million tax charge associated with the aforementioned foreign earnings repatriation. Diluted earnings per share for the full year, inclusive of these items, was $0.17 per share.

Ronald J. Naples, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer commented, "We took dramatic steps in 2005 to reposition our cost base and prepare ourselves for future improved financial performance. Despite unprecedented increased raw material prices, we managed through most of the year to show sequential quarterly gross margin percent improvements. A good example of how dramatic were the raw material cost changes is mineral oil, a very important input for us, that ended the year up 70% from where the year started. As much as we've made major changes in 2005 in recognition of major business shifts, what hasn't changed is our focus on serving our customers in a unique way. We've maintained our globally integrated approach to our business with the emphasis on the advantages we can deliver to our customers through our global customer reach, value and service commitment, and global knowledge. It's gratifying to see our sales growing solidly, our progress in pricing, and our market share building in important markets such as China. These are indicative of the strengths that will take us into the future."

Fourth Quarter Summary

Net sales for the fourth quarter of 2005 were $107.1 million, up 3% from $104.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2004. The majority of the sales increase was due to higher selling prices, as volume increases in Asia/Pacific were offset by weaker demand in North America and Europe. Foreign exchange rate translation negatively impacted sales by approximately $0.8 million or 1%.

The Company experienced a net loss of $5.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2005 compared to net income of $1.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2004. The loss for the quarter was driven by a net $9.1 million pre-tax charge for restructuring and related activities noted in the third quarter press release and a $1.0 million tax charge associated with the repatriation of accumulated foreign earnings.

Gross margin as a percentage of sales declined from 32.8% for the fourth quarter of 2004 to 30.2% for the fourth quarter of 2005. Continued raw material price escalations in the quarter, particularly crude oil derivatives, exceeded the effect of implemented price increases. Unfavorable product and regional sales mix also contributed to the decline in the gross margin percentage.

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $1.4 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2004. Foreign exchange rate translation accounted for approximately one-third of the decrease. The remaining decrease was primarily due to cost reduction efforts partially offset by inflation and growth initiatives. As a percentage of sales, SG&A decreased from 29.3% to 27.1%.

During the fourth quarter of 2005, the Company implemented a restructuring plan to significantly reduce operating costs in the U.S. and Europe. The restructuring plan included involuntary terminations, a freeze of the Company's U.S. pension plan, and a voluntary early retirement offering to eligible U.S. employees. These actions resulted in a net pre-tax charge of $9.1 million and the Company estimates 2006 savings of a similar magnitude, which will substantially mitigate the increased cost of continued operating expense investments and key growth initiatives.

Other income was lower than the fourth quarter of 2004 which included distributions from the Company's real estate joint venture as well as a gain on the sale of real estate by the Company's majority-owned Australian subsidiary.

Interest expense for the quarter was $0.5 million higher than the fourth quarter of 2004 primarily due to higher interest rates.

The Company's fourth quarter effective tax rate was 14.0%, resulting in a credit of $0.9 million on a pre-tax loss of $6.4 million, compared to a 31.5% effective tax rate on pre-tax income of $3.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2004. In the fourth quarter of 2005, the Company elected to repatriate substantial accumulated foreign earnings which resulted in a $1.0 million increase in tax expense.

The decrease in minority interest was primarily due to the Company's first quarter 2005 acquisition of the remaining 40% interest in its Brazilian affiliate, as well as the sale of real estate by the Company's Australian subsidiary in the fourth quarter of 2004.

Full Year Summary

Net sales for 2005 increased to $424.0 million, up 6% from $400.7 million for 2004. Approximately 4% of the sales increase was attributable to higher sales prices, while foreign exchange rate translation favorably impacted net sales by approximately 2%. Volume increases in Asia/Pacific were offset by softer demand in North America and Europe.

Gross margin as a percentage of sales declined from 32.7% in 2004 to 30.6% in 2005. Higher prices for the Company's raw materials, particularly crude oil derivatives, and higher third-party product purchase costs with respect to its CMS contracts, exceeded the pace at which price increases could be implemented through the year. Unfavorable product and regional mix also contributed to the decline in the gross margin percentage.

Selling, general and administrative expenses for 2005 increased $2.8 million or approximately 3% from 2004. Foreign exchange rate translation accounted for approximately half of the increase with the remainder attributable to inflation, investments in growth initiatives and higher pension costs offset by other cost reduction efforts. SG&A as a percentage of sales decreased from 28.3% to 27.4%.

Restructuring and other related activities for the full year included the aforementioned $9.1 million fourth quarter charge, as well as a $1.2 million charge associated with a reduction in workforce in the first quarter of 2005. Repositioning of the Company's cost base was necessary to better align resources and investments with regions and businesses with the highest growth potential.

The increase in other income is largely due to the $4.2 million of proceeds received from the sale by the Company's real estate joint venture of its holdings as previously announced on February 17, 2005. The proceeds included a $3.0 million gain relating to the sale by the venture of its real estate holdings, as well as $1.2 million of preferred return distributions. Preferred distributions in 2004 totaled $0.9 million. Foreign exchange gains in 2005 also contributed to the increase in other income.

The increase is net interest expense is due to higher average borrowings and higher interest rates on the Company's debt.

The effective tax rate was 50.4% versus 31.5% in 2004 with the increase primarily due to the aforementioned tax expense associated with repatriation of accumulated foreign earnings.

The decrease in minority interest is primarily due to the Company's first quarter 2005 acquisition of the remaining 40% interest in its Brazilian affiliate.

Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Items

The Company's net debt has increased to $56.4 million from $46.5 million as of December 2004, due to a reduced income level and the funding of the Brazilian acquisition noted above. The Company's net debt-to-total-capital ratio was 35% at December 2005 compared to 28% at the end of 2004. In September 2005, the Company prepaid its senior unsecured notes due in 2007. On October 19, 2005, the Company entered into a $100 million, five-year, unsecured, syndicated multi-currency revolving credit facility. This facility enabled the Company to consolidate the majority of its short-term debt into a longer-term facility and ensure liquidity to support future growth.

2006 Outlook

Mr. Naples further commented, "We aggressively took on the challenges of 2005 -- sluggish demands in some areas of the world and the continued upward spiral in our key raw material costs. We have been and continue working with our customers to implement price increases that reflect the value we bring them and to begin to offset the lower gross margins we've seen due to sharp raw material cost rises, particularly in refined products. We continue our business building initiatives, such as tube and pipe, chemical management services, and market development in Asia/Pacific, particularly China, and anticipate that these initiatives in combination with continued pricing efforts with our customers will enable substantial gross margin improvement in 2006, assuming a stable raw material cost situation. While 2006 markets will likely feature many of the same dynamics as 2005, we go into the year better prepared. In part, that flows from significant SG&A cost reduction measures taken in 2005, that will fund continued operating expense investments and key growth initiatives and are expected to enable gross margin improvement to flow to operating income."

Quaker Chemical Corporation, headquartered in Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, is a worldwide developer, producer, and marketer of custom-formulated chemical specialty products and a provider of chemical management services for manufacturers around the globe, primarily in the steel and automotive industries.

This release contains forward-looking statements that are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in such statements. A major risk is that the Company's demand is largely derived from the demand for its customers' products, which subjects the Company to downturns in a customer's business and unanticipated customer production shutdowns. Other major risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, significant increases in raw material costs, customer financial stability, worldwide economic and political conditions, foreign currency fluctuations, and future terrorist attacks such as those that occurred on September 11, 2001. Other factors could also adversely affect us. Therefore, we caution you not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. This discussion is provided as permitted by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

As previously announced, Quaker Chemical's investor conference to discuss fourth quarter and full year results is scheduled for February 22, 2006 at 2:30 p.m. (ET). Access the conference by calling 877-269-7756 (toll-free) or visit Quaker's Web site at http://www.quakerchem.com for a live webcast.



                           Quaker Chemical Corporation
                  Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
             (In thousands, except per share data and share amounts)

                                                  (Unaudited)

                                    Three Months Ended    Twelve Months Ended
                                        December 31,          December 31,
                                      2005       2004       2005       2004

    Net sales                       $107,079   $104,214   $424,033   $400,695

    Cost of goods sold                74,778     70,027    294,219    269,818

    Gross margin                      32,301     34,187    129,814    130,877
      %                                30.2%      32.8%      30.6%      32.7%

    Selling, general and
     administrative                   29,066     30,480    116,340    113,536

    Restructuring and related
     activities, net                   9,088        450     10,320        450

    Operating income                  (5,853)     3,257      3,154     16,891
     %                                 -5.5%       3.1%       0.7%       4.2%

    Other income, net                    251        629      6,120      1,818
    Interest expense, net               (815)      (286)    (2,659)    (1,252)
    Income before taxes               (6,417)     3,600      6,615     17,457

    Taxes on income                     (899)     1,134      3,336      5,499
                                      (5,518)     2,466      3,279     11,958

    Equity in net income of
     associated companies                204        291        618        890
    Minority interest in net
     income of subsidiaries             (131)    (1,093)    (2,209)    (3,874)

    Net income (loss)                $(5,445)    $1,664     $1,688     $8,974
      %                                -5.1%       1.6%       0.4%       2.2%

    Per share data:
       Net income (loss) - basic      $(0.56)     $0.17      $0.17      $0.93
       Net income (loss)- diluted     $(0.56)     $0.17      $0.17      $0.90

    Shares Outstanding:
       Basic                       9,701,259  9,627,360  9,679,013  9,606,074
       Diluted                     9,701,259  9,929,474  9,815,585  9,969,044



                           Quaker Chemical Corporation
                      Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
                (In thousands, except par value and share amounts)

                                                          (Unaudited)

                                                 December 31,     December 31,
                                                     2005             2004*
    ASSETS

    Current assets
       Cash and cash equivalents                    $16,121           $29,078
       Accounts receivable, net                      93,943            88,249
       Inventories, net                              45,818            41,298
       Deferred income taxes                          4,439             4,373
       Prepaid expenses and other current
        assets                                        5,672             8,189
          Total current assets                      165,993           171,187

    Property, plant and equipment, net               56,897            62,888
    Goodwill                                         35,418            34,853
    Other intangible assets, net                      8,703             8,574
    Investments in associated companies               6,624             6,718
    Deferred income taxes                            24,385            18,825
    Other assets                                     33,975            21,848
          Total assets                             $331,995          $324,893

    LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

    Current liabilities
       Short-term borrowings and current
        portion of long-term debt                    $5,094           $60,695
       Accounts payable                              50,832            39,562
       Dividends payable                              2,091             2,079
       Accrued compensation                           9,818             9,313
       Other current liabilities                     19,053            13,969
          Total current liabilities                  86,888           125,618
    Long-term debt                                   67,410            14,848
    Deferred income taxes                             4,608             5,588
    Accrued pension and postretirement
     benefits                                        38,210            36,456
    Other non-current liabilities                    22,363             7,372
          Total liabilities                         219,479           189,882

    Minority interest in equity of
     subsidiaries                                     6,609            12,424

    Shareholders' equity
       Common stock, $1 par value;
        authorized 30,000,000 shares;
        issued 2005 - 9,726,385, 2004 -
        9,668,751                                     9,726             9,669
       Capital in excess of par value                 3,574             2,632
       Retained earnings                            111,317           117,981
       Unearned compensation                            -                (355)
       Accumulated other comprehensive
        loss                                        (18,710)           (7,340)
          Total shareholders' equity                105,907           122,587
             Total liabilities and
              shareholders' equity                 $331,995          $324,893

    *Certain reclassifications of prior year data have been made to improve
     comparability.



                           Quaker Chemical Corporation
                 Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
                     For the twelve months ended December 31,
                              (Dollars in thousands)

                                                           (Unaudited)

                                                      2005             2004*
    Cash flows from operating activities
      Net income                                     $1,688            $8,974
      Adjustments to reconcile net income
       to net cash provided by operating
       activities:
        Depreciation                                  9,163             8,610
        Amortization                                  1,368             1,157
        Equity in net income of associated
         companies                                     (618)             (890)
        Minority interest in earnings of
         subsidiaries                                 2,209             3,874
        Deferred income taxes                        (4,476)           (1,872)
        Deferred compensation and other,
         net                                            (25)              (39)
        Restructuring and related
         activities, net                              6,018               450
        Gain on sale of partnership assets           (2,989)              -
        Gain on sale of property, plant
         and equipment                                  -                (509)
        Pension and other postretirement
         benefits                                      (439)             (172)
      Increase (decrease) in cash from
       changes in current assets and
       current liabilities, net of
       acquisitions:
        Accounts receivable                          (9,600)           (6,254)
        Inventories                                  (5,821)           (7,559)
        Prepaid expenses and other current
         assets                                         161              (388)
        Accounts payable and accrued
         liabilities                                 15,726               129
        Change in restructuring
         liabilities                                 (2,798)             (558)
        Estimated taxes on income                     1,722            (1,596)
          Net cash provided by operating
           activities                               $11,289            $3,357

    Cash flows from investing activities
      Capital expenditures                           (6,989)           (8,643)
      Dividends and distributions from
       associated companies                             234               288
      Payments related to acquisitions               (6,700)              -
      Proceeds from disposition of assets             1,918             1,880
      Proceeds from partnership
       disposition of assets                          2,989               -
      Other, net                                        -                 (75)
          Net cash (used in) investing
           activities                                (8,548)           (6,550)

    Cash flows from financing activities
      Net decrease in short-term
       borrowings                                   (52,703)           17,683
      Proceeds from long-term debt                   59,525             2,564
      Repayments of long-term debt                   (9,566)           (3,679)
      Dividends paid                                 (8,340)           (8,241)
      Stock options exercised, other                    436             1,009
      Distributions to minority
       shareholders                                  (4,198)           (1,956)
          Net cash (used in) provided by
           financing activities                     (14,846)            7,380

      Effect of exchange rate changes on
       cash                                            (852)            2,976
        Net (decrease) increase in cash
         and cash equivalents                       (12,957)            7,163
        Cash and cash equivalents at the
         beginning of the period                     29,078            21,915
        Cash and cash equivalents at the
         end of the period                          $16,121           $29,078

    *Certain reclassifications of prior year data have been made to improve
     comparability.
SOURCE  Quaker Chemical Corporation
    -0-                             02/21/2006
    /CONTACT:  Neal E. Murphy, Vice President and Chief Financial Officer,
Quaker Chemical Corporation, +1-610-832-4189/
    /Web site:  http://www.quakerchem.com /
    (KWR)

CO:  Quaker Chemical Corporation
ST:  Pennsylvania
IN:  CHM FIN
SU:  ERN ERP CCA

PA
-- PHTU059 --
6136 02/21/2006 19:03 EST http://www.prnewswire.com